But it is not at the multilateral level that trade policy has become an integral part of U.S. foreign policy, but in the area of bilateral and regional free trade agreements in the United States. At the end of 2001, the United States had only bilateral agreements with Israel and Jordan, as well as NAFTA. However, in parallel with the launch of the Doha Round, the United States began negotiations with several countries on bilateral free trade agreements and, until 2004, the free trade spigot was fully open. First agreements with Chile and Singapore, then Australia, Morocco, the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR, including the Dominican Republic), Bahrain, Oman and Peru. On March 27, 1901, the Platt Amendment was passed as part of the Army Staffing Act of 1901.  Seven conditions were set for the withdrawal of American troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish-American War and an eighth condition was set for Cuba to sign a treaty for the acceptance of these seven conditions. The change defined the conditions of Cuban and American relations essentially as unequal, with American domination over Cuba. On December 25, 1901, Cuba amended its constitution to include the text of the Platt Amendment.  On May 22, 1903, Cuba entered into a treaty with the United States authorizing the United States to intervene unilaterally in Cuban affairs and a commitment to lease land to the United States for naval bases on the island such as Guantanamo.
The argument that a properly established trade agreement can promote democracy seems to be of some use. A trade agreement can promote greater dependence on the rule of law and increased private sector participation in policies; A trade agreement can also promote economic growth, which many see as important if a country is to become more democratic. There are many more direct instruments for promoting democracy than trade agreements, such as, of course, external assistance to civil society groups committed to democracy, sanctions against countries that manipulate elections and public condemnation of undemocratic acts, and the effects of a trade agreement seem longer than these other instruments. Robert Zoellick, U.S. Trade Representative, compared the policy pursued after January 11, 2003 before the Senate Finance Committee to the policy that immediately followed World War II: “Just as U.S. economic policy after World War II helped establish democracy in Western Europe and Japan, today`s free trade agenda will open up both new markets in the United States and a fragile democracy in Central America and southern. Africa and Asia.  Mass immigration from Latin America to the United States has increased since the late 20th century. Today, about 18% of the U.S.
population is Hispanic and Latino, or more than 50 million people, mostly of Mexican and Central American descent. In addition, more than 10 million illegal immigrants live in the United States, most of them Hispanic. Many send money to family members at home and make a significant contribution to the local economy of their home country. Large-scale immigration to the United States came mainly from Mexico and Cuba. The United States is home to smaller, though still large, immigrants from El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala and Colombia.