In the event of an acquisition or repurchase, the issuer must receive the proceeds from the sale of all securities. Investor funds are held in trust until all securities are sold. If all securities are sold, the product is unlocked to the issuer. If all securities are not sold, the issue will be cancelled and the investors` funds returned to them. If the instrument is desirable, the insurer and the issuer of securities can enter into an exclusivity agreement. In exchange for a higher price paid in advance to the issuer or other favourable conditions, the issuer may agree to make the insurer the exclusive representative of the first sale of the securities instrument. In other words, even if third-party buyers could contact the issuer directly to purchase, the issuer agrees to sell exclusively through the insurer. Each insurance company has its own policies to help the insurer determine whether or not the business should take the risk. The information used to assess an insurance claimant`s risk depends on the type of coverage.
In terms of vehicle coverage, for example, a person`s driving record is essential. However, the type of car is actually much more critical. As part of the life or health insurance process, medical insurance can be used to assess the applicant`s health status (other factors may also be taken into account, such as age and occupation). The factors used by insurers to classify risks are generally objective, which is clearly related to the projected cost of coverage, to be managed in practice, in accordance with applicable law and the protection of the long-term viability of the insurance program.  A standby agreement is used in combination with a pre-emption offer. All standby stops are made on a fixed commitment basis. The standby underwriter agrees to buy shares that current shareholders do not buy. The standby underwriter will then sell the titles to the public. A best-effort subcontracting agreement is mainly used for the sale of high-risk securities.
In a firm letter of commitment, the insurer guarantees the acquisition of all securities put up for sale by the issuer, whether or not they can sell them to investors. This is the most desirable agreement because it guarantees all the money from the issuer immediately. The stronger the supply, the more likely it is to be on a firm commitment basis. In a firm commitment, the underwriter puts his own money at stake if he cannot sell the securities to investors. Taking over a fixed offer of securities exposes the insurer to a significant risk. As a result, insurers often insist that a market-out clause be included in the underwriting agreement. This clause exempts the insurer from its obligation to purchase all securities in the event of changes affecting the quality of the securities. However, poor market conditions are not a qualifying condition.
An example of when a market exit clause could be used is that the issuer was a biotechnology company and that the FDA had just refused approval of the company`s new drug. The acquisition of securities is the process by which investment banks raise investment capital from investors on behalf of companies and governments that issue securities (both equity and external capital).