A declaration of peace would also be attractive to South Korea`s progressive government, which wants to develop its trade relations with the North and increasingly sees war as a relic. At the end of the Cold War, North Korea lost its supporters in the Soviet bloc.  In December 1991, North and South Korea reached an agreement of reconciliation, non-aggression, exchange and cooperation that engaged in non-aggressive and cultural and economic exchanges. They also accepted prior notification of major military movements and created a military assistance line and launched the replacement of the ceasefire with a “peace regime”.    In a June 1 CNBC interview about a meeting with North Korean White House adviser Kim Yong Chol, Trump said he did not like North Korea`s meeting with Russia, but that it was time to end the war.  Sebastian Gorka, a former Trump adviser, defended Trump`s rhetoric on a Fox Business network on June 12, after the Trump-Kim summit.  For South Koreans, there is an urgent need to change their relations with North Korea. They see a peace treaty as the best way to rejuvenate the once-promising reconciliation process launched in 2018 by President Moon Jae-in and President Kim Jong-un. The talks failed last year after President Moon failed to convince the Trump administration to lift U.S. and U.N. sanctions that prevented the North and South from advancing the cross-border economic projects they initiated two years ago at a summit in Pyongyang. It could also agree to open facilities for nuclear inspectors and dismantle some of them. South Korean officials are referring to the launch point of the Sohae missile, close to the North`s western border with China.
A rocket fired from the town in April 2012 wiped out the Obama administration`s “Leap Day” agreement with Pyongyang. In an interview with Fox News, Lindsey Graham, a member of the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee, said North Korea could reach the United States with nuclear weapons; However, in the face of the threat of retaliation, they should negotiate their nuclear program and the security, stability and economic development of the Kim government. According to Graham, the nuclear agreement with Iran was useless; Iran enriches its nuclear fuel without third-party inspection and could quickly develop nuclear weapons. An agreement with North Korea is expected to include a review of their nuclear program.  But some experts warn that a common agreement, if not done in the right way, could have an impact on the negotiations on denuclearization and a broader U.S. policy in the region. It is clear that fundamental change is needed. Women Cross DMZ and the Quincy Institute will argue in a future report that both Trump`s “maximum pressure” and Obama`s “strategic patience” have not solved the crisis, Ahn announced Monday at the Forum. Together with other peace groups, they will call for a new approach based on a comprehensive peace agreement.
“Peace is the precondition for denuclearization and the improvement of human rights, not the other way around,” Ahn said. Similarly, Daniel Davis, a retired U.S. Army officer, advised the South Korean military in the 1990s. “The best thing for America`s national security is to work towards a peace agreement, because the lack of peace means that we must continue to invest billions of dollars each year in our alliance with South Korea and for troops in Japan,” he said. “We need to move from a war mentality to a mentality of peace.” But, Khanna said, if Biden keeps his promise to work more closely with his U.S. allies, he could pay more attention to South Korea and Moon, which could make a difference. To that end, Khanna told the Forum that after the pandemic, he would travel to South Korea to meet with President Moon and support his diplomatic efforts.