Mudros Agreement

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In the first week of October 1918, the Ottoman government and several Turkish leaders contacted the Allies to preserve the possibilities for peace. Britain, whose troops occupied much of the Ottoman territories at the time, was not prepared to resign for its allies, especially France, which would take control of the Syrian coast and much of present-day Lebanon, in accordance with an agreement reached in 1916. In a move that angered his French counterpart Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister David Lloyd George and his cabinet authorized Admiral Arthur Calthorpe, commander of the British navy in the Aegean Sea, to negotiate an immediate ceasefire with Turkey without consulting France. Although Britain was the only one to provoke the Ottoman exit from the war, the two powerful allies would continue to fight for control of the region at the Paris peace conference and for years. The ceasefire lasted until a peace settlement was reached. The Paris Peace Conference was signed on August 2, 1920. As part of the conditions of peace, the borders of the Ottoman Empire were brought back to the borders of Anatolia, which corresponds to modern Turkey. This should be more widely distributed, with the creation of Armenian and Kurdish autonomous states and Spheres of Influence in France, Italy and Greece (FO 93/110/81). [Lloyd George] was also very contemptuous of President Wilson and tried to organize the division of Turkey between France, Italy and G.B. before he spoke with America. He also thought it would be less important to draw attention to our huge gains during the war if we now swallowed our share of Turkey, and the German colonies later.

[2] In the ensuing Turkish war of independence, Turkish forces defeated the Western Greeks and the nascent Eastern Armenian state to take de facto control of Anatolia. This was finally recognized by the international community; The borders of modern Turkey were established in 1923 by the Treaty of Lausanne (FO 839/48). Assistant Professor of International Relations in the Faculty of Political Science at Sarajevo University 2. The positions of all minefields, torpedo tubing and other obstacles in Turkish waters must be indicated and obtain assistance to sweep or remove them as required.